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Livestock Transport Accident

Thousands of animals are transported via livestock trucks across Canada, acting as a key and integral process in the farm-to-fork continuum. Though the likelihood of a truck vehicular accident is low, the risk is still present. Livestock transport accident knowledge and understanding is paramount to ensure animal, public and environmental safety.

The following list of general steps to guide action during a livestock vehicle accident:

  • Immediately call 911 to report the accident. In the event that the driver is incapacitated, the first individuals at the scene should establish contact with the authorities
    • Communicate any human injuries and indicate the type and estimated number of livestock involved in the accident to the authorities
  • Emergency warning devices e.g., pylons, warning lights, should be set out at the scene and appropriate company or farm personnel should then be notified
  • Attempt to herd/ corral any loose animals to prevent further accidents and/or traffic obstructions
  • If possible, work with first responders to free/ save any livestock trapped as part of the accident
  • Identify any compromised/ injured animals which may not be able to be transported humanely in accordance with Health of Animals Act part XII
  • Contact local veterinarians to determine whether there is a requirement to euthanize animals
  • Follow the direction veterinarians and emergency management authorities to close/ finalize the vehicle rollover situation



Set up containment before removing or releasing animals from trailer

Do not remove animals from wrecked trailer until corralling/ containment area for animals is established

Relocate livestock from holding areas into new trailers calmly

Do not yell, make abrupt or loud noises when handling animals as they may be easily spooked, causing them to be more difficult to handle. Do not use sirens or horns to herd livestock

Obtain a head count on all livestock involved in the accident including but not limited to healthy, injured, and deceased livestock

Do not attempt to remove livestock using machinery, equipment, ropes/winches, etc. Manual extraction techniques are safe and effective for removing livestock


Do not become a secondary victim at an accident. All safety protocols must be followed